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An overview of jute functional finishes

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L. Sasi kala,

Department of Textile Technology,

Kumuruguru College of Technology

P. Ganesan & S. Hariharan

Department of Textile Technology,

PSG College of Technology

Coimbatore, TN.

ganeshg007@rediffmail.com & shariharan@gmail.com


Now a days international standing involved in research on obtaining and processing natural raw material ( Jute, flax, sisal, coir, mesta, cotton, ramie, wool etc.). It carries out research on Agrotech, Geotech, Buildtech, Oekotech, Mobiletech, Floor Coverings, Speciality garments and spinning, weaving, knitting, netting with nonwoven technology. This paper highlights the new avenue for jute industry to improve market with diversified products in globalize economy.

1. Introduction

Environmental and economical concerns are stimulating research in development of new materials for agriculture, civil engineering construction, furniture, light weight disposable, packaging, and automotive industries particularly attractive is new materials in which a good part is based on natural renewable resources, preventing further stresses on the environment by depleting dwindling wood resources for forests. Examples of such raw material sources are annual growth native crops / plants / fibres which are abundantly available in tropical regions. These natural fibres like jute, sisal, pine, mesta, coir, ramie, cotton etc. have been used for hundreds of years for many applications such as packaging materials, ropes, bags, composite, etc.

If new uses of fast growing, native plants can be developed for high value, non-timber based materials could reduce the use of traditional materials such as plastics, wood and minerals for some applications. Regulation on using synthetic materials, growing environmental awareness and economic considerations are the major dividing force to utilize nature given resources. Also biodegradability and eco-friendliness of products, besides exclusive appearance have a huge potential for international marketing.

Global production of agricultural fibres continues to be 24 million tones per years. Among them cotton claims the major portion about 17-20 million tonnes, next jute 3-3.5 million, flax 0.56-0.58 , ramie and hemp share almost usually about 0.06 0.08 million tones while production of others is insignificant. Mechanical processing of long strand fibres has almost universal, processing technology as followed for jute.

Most common products from the fibres are yarn, cloth and bag, nonwoven fabrics and bleached, dye and printed fabric for decorative. From the fibres technical textiles like geotextiles, agrotextiles, automotive textiles and home textiles are also produced.

2. Jute Functional Textiles

2.1. Agrotech

Needle punched non-woven of 120-150 gsm can well be used as agricultural mulch for cultivation of bhindi, mung, kolai, maize, marigold and dahlia. Satisfactory results have also been obtained with mousambi and cauliflower. The mechanism of action is probably control of weeds and supplementation of nutrients to soil by decay of jute fabric. Furthermore, jute can take up water about 5 times of its weight and can slowly release it as per requirement of plants.

Horticultural pots using non-woven of 180-200 gsm can well be used for maintenance and transportation of seedlings of forest trees such as mehagini, shaal and shegun. One of the advantages using the pots is that these need not be removed before plantation as is being done with plastic pots.


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