A Review on Nonwoven Fabrics Used in Apparel
Written by: <Authors><Author><Id>297</Id><Name>Mr. Satyajeet B. Chaudhari</Name><FriendlyName>mr-satyajeet-b-chaudhari</FriendlyName></Author><Author><Id>298</Id><Name>Mr. Aadhar Mandot</Name><FriendlyName>mr-aadhar-mandot</FriendlyName></Author></Authors>
We know that nonwoven fabrics are one of the oldest and
simplest textile fabrics. Its classic example is felt. The first well
documented discovery of felt dates back 3500-3000 BC. It was made from hairs of
Primarily nonwoven fabrics were utilized only in protective
clothing and shelters (tents), but since last few years nonwoven industry has
grown abruptly and this unconventional trend fabric apart from its application
in geo-textiles, nappies, filters, bags, etc. have now started to find its
application into the fashion apparel industry also. This has become possible
due to the research and development in the properties of nonwoven fabrics.
Unlike traditional fabric manufacturing process where fibers are converted into
the yarn and then weaved to form a fabric, nonwoven fabrics are directly
obtained from fibers. A nonwoven material offers number of advantages over
traditional fabrics, cost savings being the most obvious.
In the late 1960's there were few attempts to market disposable
dresses but could not succeed. Recent research has resulted in fabrics with
better drape, hand, durability, stretch and recovery. So, now it is extensively
finding its application in the apparel industry for interlinings, clothing and
glove insulation, bra and shoulder padding components. These enhanced
characteristics have compelled us to push aside the prejudices associated with
this unconventional fabric and move towards the modern concept.
About the Authors:
Satyajeet Chaudhari and
Aadhar Mandot are Lecturers and Patel Milin and Matharu Karansingh are students
from The Maharaja Sayajirao University Of Baroda in the Department of Textile
Engineering, Faculty of Technology & Engineering.