Effectiveness of Seat Belts

Written by: <Authors><Author><Id>3096</Id><Name>R. Senthil Kumar &amp; S. Sundaresan</Name></Author></Authors>

Introduction:


According to World Health Organization, Road accidents are a worldwide problem and now results in over, 1.2 million people die every year from road crashes all around the globe. Occupant restraints, is the best solution such as seat belts and air bags, are highly effective in preventing death and injury from traffic collisions. Seat belts are easy to use, effective and inexpensive means of protection in an accident. Seatbelts are expected to reduce the overall risk for serious injuries in crashes by 60-70% and the risk for fatalities by about 45 percent. This paper gives a broad outlook about fibre used, structure,


Seat Belt -Market Scenario:


  1. Global Market for Seat belt:


According to a Market Research firm, the market for all types of narrow fabrics is estimated at US $ 2.4 billion in 2005. This is projected to grow at about 3.6% per annum during 2005 to 2010.


  1. Domestic Market for Seat belt:


The market of seat belt webbings accounts for 10% of the market of automotive seat belts in value terms. The demand for seat belt webbings and other rigid webbings is expected to grow at 10% per annum. The potential market for seat belts webbing in 2012-13 is estimated at ` 22.1 crore up from `10.63 crore in 2007-08. In volume terms, the domestic usage of seat belt webbing is expected to grow from 10.6 million meters in 2007-08 to 21.3 million meters in 2012-13. The growth in the seat belts usage is expected to be more than the overall growth in passenger cars due to the stronger growth of the high-end cars with more seat-belts. The domestic production of seat belt webbings is around 4.3 million meters.


Seat Belts:


The seat belt is an energy-absorbing device that is designed to keep the load imposed on a victim's body during a crash down to survivable limits. Fundamentally, it is designed to deliver non-recoverable extension to reduce the deceleration forces, which the body encounters in a crash. Seat belts function as a safety harnesses which secure the passengers in a vehicle against harmful movements during collision or similar incidents.



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R.Senthil Kumar is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Textile Technology at Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore