Automobile is the lifeline of presentsociety. Trade, Industry and Commercial activity extremely dependent on thissector. Therefore, it is no exception that tremendous growth and development istaking place in this sector. This automotive sector consumes a lot of textilematerials that may be visible or concealed in automobile. The globalconsumption of textiles used in automobile industry is estimated to be over 4.5lakh tonnes. The percentage of textile material used in motor car amounts to2.2% of the overall weight of the car.
Textiles provide a means of decoration and a warm soft touch tosurfaces that are necessary features for human well being and comfort, buttextiles are also essential components of the more functional parts of all roadvehicles, trains, aircrafts and sea vessels.
Textiles in transport are classified as technical because of thevery high performance specifications and special properties required. e.g. seatcoverings are not easy to remove for cleaning and are fixed in place in many automobilesand must last the lifetime of the car without ever being washed. In addition,they have to withstand much higher exposure to day light and damagingultraviolet radiations and must have stringent safety requirements such asflame retardancy..