Nonwovens are unique, high-tech, engineered fabrics made from fibres and which are used across a wide range of applications and products. Nonwovens are innovative, versatile and indispensable. Modern life would be quite literally impossible without them.
There are numerous applications of nonwovens like hygiene, wipes, medical and surgical, protective clothing, filtration (gas and liquids), interlinings and garments, shoes, leather- goods and coating substrates, upholstery, furniture and bedding, floor- coverings, building and roofing and civil engineering and geosynthetics.
The raw materials used for production of nonwovens chiefly involve synthetic fibres, polypropylene being the major fibre consumed.
The global market for nonwovens was around US$ 18.2 Billion and is growing at a CAGR of 7% whereas Indian market of nonwovens was around US$ 214 Million. Globally, spunbond is the fastest growing and technology with maximum share whereas in India, needlepunch has the maximum share and spunbond is the fastest growing technology.
Production process of nonwovens involves web formation and web consolidation stages. Web formation includes spunbond, meltblown, spunbond-meltblown-spunbond, carded, wet-laid, dry laid technologies whereas web consolidation includes spunlace, needlepunch, stitchbond, thermobond, and chemical bonding technology.
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