Nonwovens are unique, high-tech,engineered fabrics made from fibres and which are used across a wide range ofapplications and products. Nonwovens are innovative, versatile andindispensable. Modern life would be quite literally impossible without them.
There are numerous applicationsof nonwovens like hygiene, wipes, medical and surgical, protective clothing,filtration (gas and liquids), interlinings and garments, shoes, leather- goodsand coating substrates, upholstery, furniture and bedding, floor- coverings,building and roofing and civil engineering and geosynthetics.
The raw materials used forproduction of nonwovens chiefly involve synthetic fibres, polypropylene beingthe major fibre consumed.
The global market for nonwovenswas around US$ 18.2 Billion and is growing at a CAGR of 7% whereas Indianmarket of nonwovens was around US$ 214 Million. Globally, spunbond is thefastest growing and technology with maximum share whereas in India, needlepunch has the maximum share and spunbond is the fastest growing technology.
Production process of nonwovensinvolves web formation and web consolidation stages. Web formation includesspunbond, meltblown, spunbond-meltblown-spunbond, carded, wet-laid, dry laidtechnologies whereas web consolidation includes spunlace, needlepunch,stitchbond, thermobond, and chemical bonding technology.
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