The personal protective measures are required to provide protection against life threatening professional hazards. The safety and security forces personnel are subjected to many types of hazards during performing duties and rescue operations. These hazards include Fire, corrosive or toxic chemicals, biological warfare agents, bullets or shrapnel and nuclear radiation. In the light of recent terrorist activities, it has become difficult to protect against them with one set of traditional protective system, viz. Fire Fighter suit or NBC suit or bulletproof suit. Many of the localized to site hazards like Fire, Nuclear or chemical are now proliferated from their earlier defined territories. This has increased the need of personal protection system to include simultaneous protection from multiple hazards.
The present review will discuss salient features related to the multiple hazard protection, viz. materials, operational ease and test standards. For example, one can anticipate nuclear hazard at nuclear power plant but a terrorist attack can bring need of protection against fire, chemical agents, bullets and / or biological agents. Therefore, material selection for a personnel protection system is extremely important. When proper materials like fabric, films, composites and radio-opaque shields are selected, they should not interfere during operation and finally the quality of the system should be assured by specific test standards.