The future of textiles is very unpredictable due to day by day innovations in the various fields of textiles such as composite textiles and one such example is Three Dimensional Fabrics such as Multi-Layer, Orthogonal, Domed, Nodal, Spacer Fabrics, etc. These 3d fabrics have versatile physical & structural attributes and various application scopes in specialty industrial fabrics, medical technology, aero space applications and so on. 3D fabrics have wide methods in terms of manufacturing processes like Stitching Operation, Multilayer Principle, Orthogonal Principle, Angle Interlock Principle and Dual Direction Shedding Method. The fabrics used in composites manufacture are referred as Preforms and are especially engineered as a single-fabric system to impart reliability and performance. 3D Preforms appear to be better than the most conformable 2D fabrics. The flexural, tensile and compressive stiffness and strength are better in laminates made from 3D preforms than those made from comparable 2D woven or knitted fabrics mainly due to the absence of in-plane crimp of yarns in materials. This paper gives brief idea on three dimensional fabrics based on their types, their manufacturing processes and applications.
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About the Authors:
Ashish Hulle, Sidhartha Patil, Akshay Bohara & Vivek Bharamkar are associated with D.K.T.E.S. Textile and Engineering Institute Ichalkaranji- 416115
(Note: This paper was also published in Textile Review Journal in Vol. 7; Issue 3 March 2012 page no. 22-26 & 13.)