Benefitsunder Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and Schemes for Integrated Textile Parks(SITP).
Domestic consumption has increased by 6.8 per cent in recent years. To make the Indian technical textiles industry competitive globally, a dual policy needs to be adopted for exports as well as domestic markets. The industry is expected to expand at CAGR of 13.11 per cent during 201823 to $32 billion.
Exports and imports
India is a net exporter of technical textile products, with exports touching $1,849.8 million in 201718. Exports will grow at a CAGR of 3.3 per cent in the five years. After two consecutive years of decline, exports recovered remarkably in 201718 to register a significant y-o-y growth of 18.4 per cent, increasing from $1,562.5 million in the previous year to $1,849.8 million in 201718.
The US was the leading destination with exports estimated at $336.8 million in 2017-18. The value of US exports recorded a healthy CAGR of 10.6 per cent in the period between 201314 and 201718. The US share in Indian exports of technical textiles increased from 13.9 per cent to 18.2 per cent in the period.
Imports of technical textile products ($1,744.8 million) increased substantially in 201718 at a growth rate of 21.7 per cent. Imports recorded a CAGR of 8.1 per cent between 201314 and 201718.
The largest import source of technical textile products was China, accounting for more than 50 per cent share in both 201314 and 201718. The value of imports from China recorded a CAGR of 8.2 per cent in those four years. Other major import sources in 201718 included Thailand, Taiwan, the US, Bangladesh, Germany, South Korea, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Nepal.
Growth as global manufacturer
India should grow as a global technical textiles manufacturing hub with the following advantages:
• Extensive availability of textile raw material;
• Technical textiles being a labour-intensive industry, the presence of a large pool of labour at a comparatively low cost can provide a competitive edge over technical textile producing countries like China, the US, and those in Europe;
• Power costs are lower than other countries, and lending rates are higher than in China and Vietnam; with government schemes, the effective cost of capital becomes comparable;
• Indias infrastructure for technical textiles is developing with investment in R&D, testing and investor facilitation from the Centre of Excellence.
Even though the global industry is dominated by European countries and China, there is potential in India to emerge as a global manufacturing hub for technical textiles in the future.
Steps needed to grow further
Indian government schemes for textiles and apparel manufacturers have been targeting technology up-gradation, infrastructure development, export promotion and many more segments. State governments should also announce their own policies for attracting investors to their respective states.
However, India is yet to exploit its potential in technical textiles sector due to reasons such as the absence of regulatory measures for technical textile usage in various industries. Moreover, the country is still dependent on imports for technology and advanced machinery and India has limited production of high-end products and specialized yarns and intricate duty structure.
To facilitate the growth of the Indian technical textiles industry, several measures need attention. Some of them are:
• Establishing regulatory norms to increase the consumption of technical textile goods;
• Developing exclusive HSN codes to identify high growth products for further development;
• Establishing and implementing Indian standards to develop high-quality products for global acceptance;
• Better operational standards;
• Focus on training, education and creating end-user awareness to boost domestic demand for high-end technical textile products.
Besides this, India should also focus on forming partnerships with other global payers for acquiring technical know-how. This will help the country to attract large-scale investments.