Clothing is an integral part of human life. The primary role of the clothing is to form a layer(s) of barriers that protect the body against unsuitable physical environment. This protection of body fulfills number of functions, like maintaining the right thermal environment to the body, which is essential for its survival and preventing the body from being injured by abrasion, radiation, wind, electric, chemical and microbial substances. These traditionally classified functions of clothing clearly indicate that it plays a very vital role at the interface between human body and its surrounding environment in determining the perception of comfort status of the wearer.
ORIGIN OF CLOTHING
Need of warmth for human being motivated the origin of clothing. During the past particularly in the middle ages, there has been a custom to cover the body with woolen underclothes, particularly flannel, a loosely woven wool fabric. Moreover physicians also used to treat the patients of fever by overheating them through covering with feather and keeping the patient in thick woolen garment. Patient is relieved by profuse perspiration.
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This article was originally published in the Textile Review Magazine, October, 2012, published by Saket Projects Limited, Ahmedabad.
About the Authors:
Deepti Bhargava is a Ph.D. Scholar at the Dept. of Clothing and Textiles at College of Home Science, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttrakhand
Dr. Manisha Gahlot is a Professor at the Dept. of Clothing and Textiles at College of Home Science, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttrakhand