Clothing is one of the three basic needs of humans. Since the primitive age, man has been using textile for clothing in the forms of sailcloth, tent, ropes and other protective garments. However, back then textile was used only for technical performance. Today, technology has become so advanced and adaptive that there are materials that sense and react accor
Genetically engineered clothes. The fashion and technology sectors have been buzzing lately about high-tech fabrics obtained from biomaterials and genetically engineered microorganisms.
Tissue engineering is a scientific field that refers to the practice of combining scaffolds, cells and biologically active molecules to form functional tissues. The knowledge from this area can be used to facilitate clinical procedures involving repair of damaged tissues and organs. In addition to natural biomaterials, which include collagen, gelatin, silk
The primary function of smart clothing is to sense external or a given stimuli and to respond accordingly. Stimuli can be in the form of electromagnetic radiation-ultra-violet (UV), visible or infra-red (IR); chemicals like moisture and ions; mechanical energy like pressure, break and twist. Response can be linked to shape-swelling or shrinking.
Clothing is no more a draped material over human body for protecting it from weather conditions. It has many more functions: a status symbol, beautifying agent, personality developer and in an era of smart clothing, it can also be a fitness guide, caretaker and a multitasking device. Smart clothing is different from basic clothing in terms of the functions.
Composites are heterogeneous in nature, created by the assembly of two or more components with fillers or reinforcing fibres and a compactable matrix. The matrix may be metallic, ceramic or polymeric in origin. It gives the composites their shape, surface appearance, environmental tolerance and overall durability, while the fibrous reinforcement.
With the rising ubiquity of a wide range of electronic devices (smart phones, tablets, laptops) and the electromagnetic (EM) waves associated with them, it is becoming increasingly important that cost effective and versatile EM shielding technologies be developed. The two major problems associated with EM waves are that they destructively interfere.
The non-woven fabric, one of the essential raw materials for industrial textiles, is widely applicable to such industries as medical health, filtration/separation, earthwork/building construction, and traffic transportation, with incomparable cost-effectiveness and extensive application bestowed upon such fabric featuring special functional structure.
The global diaper market for infants and the elderly is growing. This has been driven by rising standards of living in populous countries like China and India. Manufacturers are meeting the challenge with innovative technologies. The baby diaper vertical is expected to reach US$ 70.4 billion by end-2024, up by 4.1 per cent. Growth in the adult-diaper market.