Introduction to Nanotechnology
Textile plays a major role in our life since time immemorial. Various forms of textile are inevitable in our day to day life. Apart from protecting people from weather and other climatic conditions, textiles have been used in various other applications. Generally cotton clothes have properties like softness, breath ability and absorbency, but these properties are not enough for the next generation use of the textile. On the other hand the synthetic fibers are strong, crease resistance, dirt resistant and flame resistant but do not have natural properties like softness and breath ability.
But now with the development of the nanotechnology, it is possible to develop cloths or fabric having the property of both synthetic and natural fibers by treating yarns or fabrics at nano-scale. In this article we will see various such new developments in the field of textile.
What is Nano?
Nanometer is a billionth of a meter. The nanoscale devices are 100-10,000 times smaller than human cells. The above picture shows the comparison of various things with nanometer.